University of Bath and University of Bristol
Both University campuses pose inherent foundation difficulties, demonstrated by more than 20 specific projects completed by Intégrale. The University of Bristol dominates a hillside formed of interbedded sandstone and mudstone, with an unfavourable bedding dip! Stabilisation frequently requires shear-key piles and ground anchors.
The University of Bath, at the crest of a plateau overlooking an unstable hillside, suffers from cambered and gulled limestone. Site specific ground conditions often require plain slab/stiffened edge rafts, not needing a high degree of stiffness. Slab and beam/piled rafts can be appropriate at more artificial locations.